gilan province

It borders the Republic of Azerbaijan in the north and Russia across the Caspian Sea.

In the 9th–11th century AD, there were repeated military raids undertaken by the Rus' between 864 and 1041 on the Caspian Sea shores of Iran, Azerbaijan, and Dagestan as part of the Caspian expeditions of the Rus'. It lies along the Caspian Sea, in Iran's Region 3, west of the province of Mazandaran, east of the province of Ardabil, and north of the provinces of Zanjan and Qazvin. Gilan Province pictures: Check out Tripadvisor members' 241 candid photos and videos of landmarks, hotels, and attractions in Gilan Province. De huidige bestuurlijke indeling van Iran telt 31 provincies.In het Perzisch spreekt men van ostān (استان) en in het meervoud van ostānhā (استان‌ها).. As early as the 16th century and until the mid 19th century, Gilan was the major exporter of silk in Asia. In fact, it was the Deylamites under the Buyid king Mu'izz al-Dawla who finally shifted the balance of power by conquering Baghdad in 945. Five Iranian languages are spoken in Gilan — Gilaki, Taleshi, Persian, and, to a smaller extent, Tati and Kurdish. Deylamite mercenaries served as far away as Egypt, Islamic Spain, and in the Khazar Kingdom. William Bayne Fisher, P. Avery, G. R. G. Hambly, C. Melville. Unlike the Rus', Muslim Arabs never managed to conquer Gilan as they did with other provinces in Iran. However, the revolution did not progress the way the constitutionalists had strived for, and Iran came to face much internal unrest and foreign intervention, particularly from the British and Russian empires. Other such dishes include pickled garlic, olives with walnut paste, and smoked fish. The first recorded encounter between Gilanis and Deylamite warlords and invading Muslim Arab armies was at the Battle of Jalula in 637 AD. More specific to Gilan are a distinctive walnut-paste and pomegranate-juice sauce, used as a marinade for 'sour' kebab (Kabab Torsh) and as the basis of Fesenjān, a rich stew of duck, chicken or lamb. Lees beoordelingen van echte reizigers zoals jij en bekijk professionele foto's van de beste activiteiten in Gilan Province op Tripadvisor. Gilan's position on the Tehran-Baku trade route has established the cities of Bandar-e Anzali and Rasht as ranking amongst the most important commercial centers in Iran. There were no permanent trade routes linking Gilan to Persia. Large parts of the province are mountainous, green and forested.

The Gilaki language is a Caspian language, and a member of the northwestern Iranian language branch, spoken in Iran's Gīlān Province. Wat te doen in Gilan Province, Iran. Gilan province exports to Eurasia up 69%. [16] In the 9th and 10th centuries AD, Deylamites and later Gilanis gradually converted to Zaidite Shi'ism. Muta was killed in the battle, and his defeated army managed to retreat in an orderly manner.

In February 1921 the Soviets withdrew their support for the Jangali government of Gilan and signed the Russo-Persian Treaty of Friendship (1921) with the central government of Tehran. [11] It borders the Republic of Azerbaijan in the north and Russia across the Caspian Sea.

The Rus' undertook the first large-scale expedition in 913; having arrived on 500 ships, they pillaged the westernmost parts of Gorgan as well as Gilan and Mazandaran, taking slaves and goods. For the contribution history and old versions of the redirected page, please see ; … As a result, the merchant and middle classes comprise a significant percentage of the population. Considering Gilan is mostly inhabited by Gilaks, a Gilaki Iranian culture is present in the province that is not much different from other Iranian traditions. Pliny identifies them with the Cadusii who were living there previously. In the mid-19th century, a fatal epidemic among the silk worms paralyzed Gilan's economy, causing widespread economic distress.

All (excluding Persian) belong to the northwestern branch of Iranian languages. That the native inhabitants of Gilan have originating roots in the Caucasus is supported by genetics and language, as Gilaks are genetically closer to ethnic peoples of the Caucasus (such as the Georgians) than they are towards other ethnic groups in Iran.

Muslim chronicles of Varangian (Rus', pre-Russian Norsemen) invasions of the littoral Caspian region in the 9th century record Deylamites as non-Muslim.

In 1307 the Ilkhan Öljeitü conquered the region. Sturgeon, often smoked or served as kebab, and caviar are delicacies along the whole Caspian littoral.

The main harbor port is Bandar-e Anzali (previously Bandar-e Pahlavi).

Abbas Kiarostami made his films Life, and Nothing More... and Through the Olive Trees based on this event.

Most of these Georgians and Circassians are assimilated into the mainstream Gilaks. Morgan (eds). The first small-scale raids took place in the late 9th and early 10th century. The Jangalis are glorified in Iranian history and effectively secured Gilan and Mazandaran against foreign invasions. In antiquity, this area was a province of Persia known as Daylam (sometimes Daylaman, Dailam or Delam). They lost a series of wars to Russia (Russo-Persian Wars 1804–1813 and 1826–28), resulting in an enormous gain of influence by the Russian Empire in the Caspian region, which would last up to 1946. [17] Initially, the Rus' appeared in Serkland in the 9th century traveling as merchants along the Volga trade route, selling furs, honey, and slaves.

The Church of the East began evangelizing Gilan in the 780s, when a metropolitan bishopric was established under Shubhalishoʿ. However, this appears to have been a Pyrrhic victory for the Arabs, since they did not pursue their opponents. Gilan has a strong culinary tradition, from which several dishes have come to be adopted across Iran. The Alborz range provides further diversity to the land in addition to the Caspian coasts. The province has an annual average of 2 million tourists, mostly domestic.

This page was last changed on 1 July 2018, at 21:54. Three million people speak Gilaki as their first or second language. Persian[29] is also spoken in the province of Gilan as it is Iran's official language, requiring everyone to know Persian. [13] Their languages shares typologic features with Caucasian languages.[14]. In Iran bestaat elke provincie of ostān uit meerdere districten die shahrestān (شهرستان) worden genoemd, die vervolgens bestaan uit één of meer subdistricten die bakhsh (بخش) worden genoemd.

[28] Although Gilaki is the most widely spoken language in Gilan, the Talysh language is also spoken in the province. The Shah farmed out this trade to Greek and Armenian merchants and, in return, received a handsome portion of the proceeds. Sepahdar-e Tonekaboni (Rashti) was a prominent figure in the early years of the revolution and was instrumental in defeating Mohammad Ali Shah Qajar. J. Pinkerton as Travels in Persia, London, 1811. It seems that the city of Qazvin was initially a fortress-town against marauding bands of Deylamites, another sign that the economy of the province did not produce enough on its own to support its population. ^ Coon, "Iran:Demography and Ethnography" in Encyclopedia of Islam, Volume IV, E.J. In the Safavid era, Gilan was settled by large numbers of Georgians, Circassians, Armenians, and other peoples of the Caucasus whose descendants still live or linger across Gilan. Before the war, Gilanis had played an important role in the Constitutional Revolution of Iran.

In June 1990 large parts of the province were destroyed by a severe earthquake, in which about 45,000 people died.

Several Deylamite commanders and soldiers of fortune who were active in the military theaters of Iran and Mesopotamia were openly Zoroastrian (for example, Asfar Shiruyeh a warlord in central Iran, and Makan, son of Kaki, the warlord of Rey) or were suspected of harboring pro-Zoroastrian (for example Mardavij) sentiments. There was a small trade in smoked fish and wood products. Als je een inwoner bent van een ander land of andere regio, selecteer de juiste versie van Tripadvisor voor jouw land of regio in het vervolgkeuzemenu. [21], The Safavid empire became weak towards the end of the 17th century CE.

As a result, it was one of the wealthiest provinces in Iran. Gilan Province (Persian: استان گیلان ‎, Ostān-e Gīlān, also Latinized as Guilan), is one of the 31 provinces of Iran.It lies along the Caspian Sea, in Iran's Region 3, west of the province of Mazandaran, east of the province of Ardabil, and north of the provinces of Zanjan and Qazvin. Talesh, Masooleh, Poshtkooh, Een mix van charmant, modern en bewezen toppers. During and several years after the Bolshevik Revolution, the region saw another massive influx of Russian settlers (the so-called White émigrées).

in 4 parts, Rome, 1658–63; tr. There are many cities in Guilan, including Rasht (at its center), Lahidjan, Anzali, and Rudsar. The coastline is cooler and attracts large numbers of domestic and international tourists.

Rainfall is heaviest between September and December because the onshore winds from the Siberian High are strongest, but it occurs throughout the year though least abundantly from April to August. This richness derives in part from the climate, which allows for a wide variety of fruit, vegetables and nuts to be grown in the province. Humidity is very high because of the marshy character of the coastal plains and can reach 90 percent in summer for wet bulb temperatures of over 26 °C (79 °F). [26][27] Gilaki is one of the main languages spoken in the province of Gilan and is divided into three dialects: Western Gilaki, Eastern Gilaki, and Galeshi (in the mountains of Gilan). Seafood is a particularly strong component of Gilani (and Mazandarani) cuisine. Before the introduction of silk production (date unknown but a pillar of the economy by the 15th century AD), Gilan was a poor province. [18] This was the first time the region came under the rule of the Mongols after the Ilkhanid Mongols and their Georgian allies failed to do it in the late 1270s.

Most major cities in the region had Russian schools and significant traces of Russian culture can be found today in Rasht. [20], The Safavid emperor, Shah Abbas I ended the rule of Khan Ahmad Khan (the last semi-independent ruler of Gilan) and annexed the province directly to his empire. In the midst of this conflict, the Jangalis entered into an alliance with the Bolsheviks against the British. Russian class was mandatory in schools and the significant increase of Russian influence in the region lasted until 1946 and had a major impact on Iranian history, as it directly led to the Persian Constitutional Revolution. The Gilanian cities of Rasht and Anzali were all but occupied and settled by Russians and Russian forces. Eet-, drink- en feestgelegenheden die je niet wilt missen. Qajars established a central government in Persia (Iran) in the late 18th century CE. It covers about 1% of the total area of Iran (14711 kms). Due to successive cultivation and selection of rice by farmers, several cultivars including Gerdeh, Hashemi, Hasani, and Gharib have been bred.[24].

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